Articles
Audio at 750mph
Sam Ashwell London-based 750mph has recently completed the finishing touches to a massive refit and upgrade of this audio post stalwart's Soho HQ which will bring even more, newly immersive, audio online.
Tags: iss125 | blackmagic | bmd | 750mph | audio | 3daw | 3d audio | dolby atmos | Sam Ashwell
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The world is not flat
David Schleifer The world is all around us. We have a lot of cues that make us aware of how we fit into a 3D space. Many of these cues, senses and reactions are survival instincts. For example, the ability to hear someone walk up behind us, to see movement in our peripheral vision, a sense of how we are oriented when we move our bodies or swivel our head. All of this creates an overwhelming amount of data that we seamlessly interpret as we go around our day getting our morning coffee, driving, walking through crowds, diving into pools, and everything that we as people do in our lives.
Tags: iss120 | vr | 3d | primestream | David Schleifer
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VR and 3D Audio - Ask The Experts
Pieter Schillebeeckx What's the difference between 2D & 3D audio? There are two parts to this question when it comes to audio for VR. The key difference is that 2D is a single horizontal slice,so when we're thinking 5.1 or traditional surround sound in a cinema that would be looked at as 2D,whereas 3D adds height information to this both above and below you. The second part to this question relates to static versus dynamic audio,and this goes for both 2D and 3D audio.
Tags: iss113 | 2D Audio | 3D Audio | Object-Based Audio | VR | Virtual Reality | Pieter Schillebeeckx
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Juggling with Broadcast Graphics
KitPlus If it were just about designing stunning looking titles, life would be simple and Adobe After Effects would probably have the market sewn up. But todays broadcasters and even AV producers have so many factors to juggle with, that anything other than a professional graphics solution is unthinkable.
Tags: iss109 | 3dstorm | graphics | brainstorm | aston | realtime | KitPlus
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Creating native looks in alien worlds: the making of The Martian
Richard Baker Prime Focus Worlds Richard Baker explains how Mars was brought into stereo 3D with the help of Fusion Studio for Ridley Scotts new SciFi survival epic, The Martian
Tags: iss107 | the martian | matt damon | behind the scenes | ridley scott | prime focus world | stereo 3d | Richard Baker
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Making remote production over IP a reality
John Smith Live sports broadcasting is one of the most technically challenging tasks for any production team. Multiple signals in multiple formats need to be transmitted around the sports facility. In addition, signals need to be integrated with feeds from other locations to create a complete broadcast stream. As a result, remote production over IP has recently become a much discussed topic! The possibility of simplifying networks by consolidating all media traffic onto a common platform, and taking advantage of the increasing availability of video devices that natively support IP could solve many challenges. However, recent advances which bring together both broadcast and telcos technology means we are now seeing the transportation of established broadcast signals over IP across established internal and external networks become a reality.
Tags: iss107 | remote production | ip | 3dhdi/sdi | networks | broadcast | John Smith
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Authoring and Monitoring for the emerging 3D immersive Broadcast Audio formats
Anthony Wilkins The world of broadcast audio is on the verge of a major revolution. Numerous 3D Immersive formats are under development and will find their way into the mainstream of broadcast production and distribution in the near future. Unlike the world of relatively constrained channel based coding as we are accustomed to (most commonly Left / Right for Stereo and Left / Centre / Right / Surround Left / Surround Right + LFE or Low Frequency Effects for surround), these new codecs will support more channels and/or object based audio coding. For the end consumer, there will be two major benefits from this new approach, a greater sense of involvement or immersion, and a degree of personalisation.
Tags: iss107 | broadcast audio | 3d immersive formats | facilities | equipment | authoring | monitoring | Anthony Wilkins
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Heavy duty LCD Transportation
N/A Over the last few years we have seen the release of hundreds of new plasma LCDs LEDs and now 3D LED with new models from new manufactures being released with what seems like every day. The huge growth in the sector has driven down the cost of production allowing companies to be very creative in how and which way to use the screens.
Tags: storage | plasma transportation | oakleigh cases | lcds | leds | 3d led case | N/A
Submitted by N/A
All I want for Christmas...
[author] Certainly not my two front teeth
Tags: iss096 | peter savage | 3d tv | camera | training | stabilisation | christmas | banking | [author]
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Eye to Eye: Video Post-production
N/A Video post-production has long been one of the fastest developing subsets of the broadcast business. It was among the first to lead the shift from hardware into software, bringing huge advantages in terms of affordability and ease of use. I can still remember the high cost, heavy weight and low quality of the early analogue tape to tape video editing systems. The expression 'colour comes later' returns to mind. IBC will see the introduction of quite a lot of new video-post kit including a respectable amount designed to handle 3D content which I will start off with.
Tags: eye to eye | post production | 3d post | binocle | dashwood | editshare | for-a | miranda | 2d post | miranda | blackmagic design | deltacast | digital vision | eyeheight | matrox | panasonic | iphone | vericorder | N/A
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Bob Pank looks at the size of 4k
Bob Pank# The television industry has had many new technological eras in recent years. Only two years ago we were still a 3D era; the latest of the many that have surfaced and sunk over the years of cinema, making it recurring fad. Now 4K / UHD is firmly grabbing the attention of equipment manufacturers as well as production and broadcaster / media folk, and increasingly, the public.
Tags: iss086 | Bob Pank | 4k | matrox mojito | AJA | Io 4k | Sochi | 3D tv | Bob Pank#
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Embracing the 4K future with next generation encoding technologies
Ludovic Pertuisel# Still in development, HEVC has already been demonstrated to offer a bit-rate reduction of up to 50 percent over H.264. For true visionaries, the new standard is paving the way to 8K UHD in resolutions up to 8192x4320.
Tags: iss083 | HEVC | technology | 3D | 4K | future | encoding | IPTV | OTT | article | Ludovic Pertuisel#
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Evolutions in the media cloud with Bob Pank
Bob Pank# Years ago my boss, the sales director, warned me that talk of technical revolutions was not good. After all, a revolution ends up where it started. On the other hand evolutions were much better. Of course he was right.
Tags: iss080 | cloud | evolution | nab | internet of frames | storage | data | ibc | 3D | autostereoscopic | Bob Pank#
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Televising Swan Lake in live 3D from St Petersburg
Tim Highmoor Stereoscopic television may still be in its infancy as a home entertainment medium but it is thriving in the cinema world. Freed from domestic distractions, cinema audiences are ideally placed to give their full attention to the images on the big screen.
Tags: iss079 | swan lake | live stream | 3d | television | tim highmoor | paris | cinema | live | 3d event | streaming | Tim Highmoor
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An unexpected debate
[author]
At the end of last year I went to a screening of The Hobbit, or rather the first volume of The Hobbit, as An Unexpected Journey is the first part of a trilogy. I say I went to a “screening” not because that is the way that we trendy media types talk, but because it was a private showing to some of the great and good of the industry in the UK.
Tags: iss074 | the hobbit | an unexpected journey | martin freeman | peter jackson | technology | cameras | 3D | 5K | SGO | higher frame rate | [author]
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Professional Video Editing Just Got Better
KitPlus

Endorsed by twenty five thousand Facebook fans, six industry awards and thousands of new users through the trial download and active forum communities, Autodesk, Inc.,announced that the new Autodesk Smoke 2013, professional video editing software is now shipping.

Tags: iss073 | professional video editing | smoke | autodesk | 2013 | autodesk inc | editing software | national association of broadcasters | vegas | 3D | Mark Strassman | chroma keying | iMac | Thunderbolt | KitPlus
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The Future of 3D
N/A Over the last 3 years Ive worked in more than ten different countries on stereo 3D; and no matter where in the world I am Im continually running across the rumour that 3D has done its dash and will soon be heading the way of the dodo.
Tags: iss072 | 3d | pixar | dreamworks | sky | bskyb | sgo | N/A
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3D filmmaking
N/A Stereographers are in demand, they have little time and the time they do have is highly valued. I first met Demetri at IBC this year during the showing of HUGO (see page XX) and we were fortunate enough to catch up with him again during a flight to LA where he was heading for the first stage of 3D post for 47 RONIN. His opinions on 3D filmmaking are respected the world over¦over to you Demetri¦.
Tags: iss072 | 3d | ridley scott | the hobbit | Martin Scorsese | hugo | 47 ronin | N/A
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Character generation today means real-time 3D graphics
N/A The days of the dedicated hardware islands are long gone and todays broadcast graphics require designers with multiple abilities and flexible hardware and software solutions. And on top of that we find, as always, the need and capability to deliver quality graphics in daily close-to-air situations.
Tags: iss072 | brainstorm | aston 3d | character generator | N/A
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3D for Cinema, ProAV and Events
N/A Over more than a century of motion picture presentations there have been periods when 3D has emerged, and each time interest has faded away. The latest 3D wave goes back to the advent of digital technology for cinemas. Digital Cinema Initiatives (DCI) was formed in 2002 and delivered its first DCI Specification in 2005, when Doremi was well ahead with the necessary technology for a DCI-compliant player. It was very soon clear that digital cinema technology could sweep aside many of the shortcomings of the film-based 3D presentations, and so open the door to a new 3D era. The digital medium is far more accurate than film could ever be. With no film weave, sparkles, scratches, frame hops or wear, digital cinema delivers, steady, clean, sharp, in-sync presentations that are as good on the 200th run as the first. This is the perfect medium to provide a comfortable and exciting viewing experience for stereoscopic 3D movies.
Tags: iss072 | doremi | 3d | mpeg2 mxf | Digital Cinema Initiatives | dci | N/A
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Meeting standards in 3D
N/A It has been said that poor quality stereoscopic TV will poison the water for everyone. This was because in the past 3D was made to quite poor and uncontrolled production and delivery standards. But since BSkyBs Technical Guidelines for Plano Stereoscopic 3D Programme Content were published over two years ago programme makers have had specific quality limits to meet.
Tags: iss072 | 3d | del-soft | cel-scope 3d | N/A
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Ask the Experts - 3d with BSkyB
N/A This month we had an exclusive opportunity to talk to Cara Cheeseman, Post Production Supervisor for all 3D content, both internally and externally, at BSkyB. The 21 questions are gathered from a variety of industry professionals with an interest, some sceptical and some fanatical, in 3D
Tags: iss072 | cara cheeseman | bskyb | 3d | N/A
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Call of Duty Black Ops II: World Exclusive First Look Streamed Live from Gamescom
N/A I work a lot in live online broadcasting, and backup systems are top of mind when designing any live event. Being off air for any reason is unacceptable, so I build systems knowing that should something fail, I can easily reroute the signal or switch to another machine.
Tags: iss072 | blackmagic design | streaming | ultra studio 3D | hyper deck studio | prores | wirecast | xsplit | xbox | gamescom | N/A
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3d Screens
Bob Pank# Often exhibitions such as IBC and NAB can be summed up as progressive slightly better products but nothing really new. Sometimes there is a breakthrough such as Ampexs introduction of the VTR in 1956. The early years of digital production and post tools were rich in totally new things. At the time I worked at Quantel and seeing inventions like Paintbox and a DVE video page turn for the first time was truly exciting; I knew these would be game-changers. What they did was instantly understandable and easy to apply. So, you may ask, why should it be that we are many years into the 3D revolution of the modern era and everyone knows what we really need to make 3DTV come alive, but we dont have.
Tags: iss071 | 3d | glassless 3d | Siegfried Foessel | Fraunhofer | ampex | quantel | Bob Pank#
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Wibbly Wobbly Waveforms
N/A The very first analytical electronic instrument, developed in the late 1890s, was the oscilloscope. This used a cathode ray tube (CRT) to paint a graph of voltage on the Y axis versus time on the X axis. Once television became a practical reality in the 1930s, the same instrument was applied to the video output from the camera and became the very useful waveform monitor.
Tags: iss070 | cel-soft | cel-scope3d | waveform | monitoring | vectorscope | N/A
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Pointing out the right colours
N/A In the old days of PAL and NTSC analogue television, a vectorscope was an essential tool for examining chroma at every part for the programme production and transmission chain. This was because the colour information was carried as a phase and amplitude modulation which could be sensitive to a variety of transmission or recording non-linearities and problems. These could cause colour degradation or be completely wrong. In the digital age, colour information is carried in digits which do not usually get corrupted at each regeneration or link. So why would you want to look the chroma (colour information), portrayed on the same analogue style instrument?
Tags: iss069 | cel-soft | cel-scope 3d | celsoft | celscope | vectorscope | N/A
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Watch out for dead pixels
N/A A dead pixel in a camera imaging sensor can manifest itself in a number of ways. Implying black, 'dead' is not necessarily the correct term for a pixel failure. This is because imager defects include hot pixels, sparkles, noisy or lazy pixels. These problems usually arise during the chip manufacturing process.
Tags: iss068 | dead pixels | cel-soft | Pixelfantastic | reel-check | soloqc | cel-scope3d | N/A
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Summer of 3D
Bob Pank# Having put 3D to one side for a few months it was very interesting to jump back into the third dimension. With 3D not making the headlines much, if at all, you might be lulled into thinking it has faded away, but thats not the case. Many events are being shot in 3D, including the Olympics and, although there has been nothing happening that could be called a revolution, there is a great deal of evolution going on.
Tags: iss068 | 3d | autostereoscopic | philips | dolby 3d | goodwood | wimbledon | Bob Pank#
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Handheld T and M the broadcast emergency service
Will Strauss# Test and Measurement. Shudder. Like Health and Safety, Bus and Replacement Service or Keith and Orville its a collocation of words that fills me with dread. Seriously, who wants to read about Test and Measurement? Well, as it turns out, the answer is: quite a lot of people. Because, despite its lack of glamour, it is hugely important.
Tags: iss067 | HD | 3G | 3D | IT | IP | fibre | phabrix sxa | harrix hd star | hamlet microflex | leader lv5380 | datavideo vs-100 | tektronix wfm2200 | Will Strauss#
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4KTV The next bigger thing?
Bob Pank# The history of 4K digital moving images goes way back to the mid 1990s. That was when film effects started to be processed digitally and produced amazing results maybe a bit too amazing for some. Of course the effects had to be seamless and so the digitised effects images had to carry all the required detail of the 35mm film. Without going into detail Kodak maintained that this required at least a 4K image, while Quantel, busy in the effects equipment market, felt that 3K did the job.
Tags: iss067 | 4ktv | quantel | 3d | canon eos c500 | JVC GY-HMQ10 | LG 84LM960V | Bob Pank#
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Evolving Test and Measurement
N/A Time and accuracy are vital when producing content for broadcast. All broadcasters have strict schedules to work to, as well as visual and audio standards that need to be met. Effective testing and measurement (T&M) of any material that is to be transmitted is key to ensuring these parameters are adhered to, for both producer and broadcaster; get these wrong, or trust in inadequate equipment, and it could be very costly.
Tags: iss067 | test and measurement | s3d | pse | itu 1770 | itu 1771 | N/A
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Are you out on the range
N/A The main parameters to worry about in any stereoscopic scene are the most negative and positive disparity values. These numbers are usually expressed in percentage terms rather than in actual screen pixels. The distance between the numbers is the depth range. The depth budget is the maximum value this range can be allowed without being too uncomfortable for the viewer.
Tags: iss064 | bskyb | cel-scope 3d | 3d production | cel-soft | N/A
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Casual specs
N/A If you are a regular reader of this column, you probably know by now that I am a lover of technology that is useful, or at least very attractive. On the other hand I am quite scornful of stuff that engineers come up with because they can, without ever having an idea of what it is for.
Tags: iss063 | ces | 3d glasses | toshiba | william brinkman | N/A
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Light weight 3D side-by-side production
N/A Whenever you see a typical publicity picture of a 3D production shoot, it invariably includes a very bulky and expensive-looking mirror rig. This can look daunting for the new initiate coming into 3D production and is not the sort of kit you might not want to risk using outdoors.
Tags: iss063 | cel-soft | 3d | toshiba ik-hd1 | cel-scope3d | N/A
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Want to take the road?
N/A When 3D Storm started the MINI LiveManTM project, the concept was to showcase the latest production systems developed by NewTek TM. Two key words: Compact, all-terrain. MINI cars were used at several occasions as OB vehicles. NewTek toured the United States with a MINI, then with a Smart, showing that there was no need of a truck to fit in production equipments. SIS LIVE also showed that a MINI Clubman could be mounted with an antenna to broadcast live.
Tags: iss063 | liveman | newtek | hd live production | 3d storm | N/A
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Unconvincing conversion?
N/A There have appeared in the last year or two an amazing array of 2D to 3D conversion boxes and software processors. Also nearly every major manufacturer of high end 3D sets has its own proprietary built-in processor allowing the user to view any ordinary TV broadcast or DVD instantly as a 3D rendition.
Tags: iss062 | cel-soft | stereoscopic analyser | bskyb guidelines | 3d | N/A
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3D Diaries Cameras: more for less
Bob Pank# There is plenty of guidance available about how to shoot good stereo 3D and the principles are quite easy to understand. Achieving good results takes good equipment and, maybe, the assistance of a stereographer and even a convergence puller... unless you are using one of those twin-lens cameras where most of the parameters are fixed except for the convergence point.
Tags: 3d | iss062 | steroe 3d | twin-lens camera | cel-soft | Bob Pank#
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Quality is the best policy
N/A HD has become the production standard norm. Why have audiences embraced HD so enthusiastically? Because it looks and sounds great. If you have a 42 or bigger screen in your home then the difference between SD and HD is obvious to all, and so HD channels have to maximise that benefit to get a commercial edge. Quality.
Tags: iss061 | stereoscopic | 3d | qc | pse | photo-sensitive epilepsy | N/A
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2011: 3D Make or break?
Bob Pank# Last year was predicted to be the year when 3D would leap forward or flop. History is littered with short periods of interest and development only for 3D to drop off the scene again. 3D Diaries has maintained that this time its different as now nearly all the right technologies are available the only missing link being a practical autostereoscopic screen.
Tags: iss061 | 3d | 3d diaries | autostereoscopic | Bob Pank#
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2011 wasnt all that bad for TV & Commercials, was it? So what does 2012 hold?
N/A 2011 was pretty depressing, reading the paper or watching the news was a miserable experience, and all in all, those who still have a job, or have a business should apparently be chuffed to bits!
Tags: iss061 | the look | post production | 3d stereoscopic | N/A
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Active or Passive? Its a walk-over!
N/A With the forthcoming Olympics being broadcast in 3D free-to-air, there is sure to be a surge in new TV purchases. Given so many 3D capable models to choose from, which is best?
Tags: iss061 | 3d glasses | active 3d glasses | passive 3d glasses | N/A
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Stereoscopic 3D legalisation
N/A Since its foundation in 1989, ONSIGHT has expanded from a London-based broadcast hire business into a full-service production facilities company. Also located at Shepperton Studios, ONSIGHT specialises in film and television production, post production and distribution.
Tags: iss061 | onsight | eyeheight | legaliser | hdcam sr | 3d | sgo mistika | N/A
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3D is moving fast
N/A Helicopter Film Services (HFS) have been a specialist in aerial filming for 20 years, but recently, they have successfully added another element to their diverse services: Aerial 3D
Tags: iss060 | hfc | aerial 3d | helicopter film services | 3d rig | N/A
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Reaching for 3D
N/A From the opening shot of the Ryder Cup to the Champions League final when Manchester United played Barcelona this year, a stately homes documentary to a Derren Brown magic show, cameraman Chris Taber has been there, filmed it and got the T-shirt.
Tags: iss060 | chris taber | polecam | 3d | Toshiba IK-HD1 | N/A
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The art of 3D
Bob Pank# Two recent events have expanded my understanding of 3D. BVE North turned out to be quite busy both around the exhibition and at the many free seminars. Of course I made a beeline for the 3D Revolution Theatre where there were sessions throughout the two days of the show.
Tags: iss060 | bve north | 3d | 3d diaries | stereographer | galaxy light an dpower | aja | dynaxis | Bob Pank#
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Convergence Grading for Stereoscopic 3D Broadcast with DaVinci Resolve
N/A After soldiering through a long run of freelance work in Soho, I had a couple of days off. I thought, Itll be nice to relax a little bit, which is when I got the call.
Tags: iss060 | blackmagic | davinci resolve | elbow | 3d | N/A
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LIGHTING FOR 3D PRODUCTION
N/A For a 3D special supplement in one of the largest German newspapers, Richard Walch photographed Germany's most famous puppet theatre: The "Augsburger Puppenkiste".
Tags: iss060 | dslr | puppet theatre | lighting for 3d | lighting | N/A
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Headache-free 3D
N/A Whatever display technology is used to deliver the 3D images, it is obviously important not to send viewers home with a headache, particularly before they have actually invested in a 3D system of their own. It helps a lot if 3D programme producers understand what causes such headaches because only then can they take effective measures to avoid them.
Tags: iss060 | 3d diaires | cel-soft | cel-scope3d | stereoscopic signal analyser | N/A
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Is it time to hang up your glasses for field 3D monitoring?
N/A The rapid growth of 3D content being shot and produced has created many challenges to the camera operators, production teams and indeed manufacturing companies.
Tags: iss060 | cache media | 3d calibration | 3d | autostereoscopic | marshall electronics | or-70 | N/A
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Do you think 3D Broadcasting in its current format is likely to gain much market share?
N/A
There are two issues that affect the potential growth of 3D in broadcasting: they are the widespread availability of 3D enabled devices, and the cost of producing and broadcasting 3D content. All HD TV sets from major manufacturers over 40 inches that are sold today include 3D capability, so the end-user market of 3D capable viewers is growing by default. 3D is not even a remarkable selling point any more for the latest TVs: if you take the Samsung Smart TV as an example, this is marketed as a connected TV - the 3D capability is advertised with just a small label on the box. So there is a growing potential market of viewers for 3D content providers.
Tags: iss060 | 3d | 3d broadcasting | 3d tile format | sisvel technology | N/A
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