4k is a reality for live production


Liam Laminman TV-Bay Magazine
Read ezine online

Some aspects of the broadcast industry move exceedingly quickly; new cameras are launched seemingly daily, shows are commissioned and shows are axed but the overall pace of the industry remains pretty steady. Would it shock you to hear that NHK in Japan first built its own 4K prototype camera in 2003? (At this point, it's worth clarifying that we're using the term '4K' to reference UHDTV1 (3840—2160) but '4K' seems to have shone through as the saleable name tag.) Today, just a mere 13 years later it looks like we're now ready to adopt 4K. It is now a reality within the industry and for the everyday consumer.

Largely led by sport, bigger OB companies have started building 4K trucks and the subscription television providers such as BT Group and Sky have been fueling this by distributing 4K content as the potential for revenue increased. There's been some reluctance from facilities providers to jump into this new format, mainly due to the lack of agreed standards. No one wants to get stuck into a format or a workflow that may be obsolete in a few years. Due to this, there's been an increase in new industry bodies, initiatives and protocols that are helping drive the development of 4K production, including The TICO Alliance which "wants to help grow the UHDTV ecosystem" and Aspen, an IP protocol. With the consumer in mind, other bodies exist such as the UHD Alliance although this seems more driven by selling TVs because they've got the 4K logo on them!

However, it's clear that there's been a constant conflict between the standardisation and adoption of formats, the telecommunications companies (Sky, BT Group etc.), broadcast equipment manufacturers (which have been fervently pushing each of their own flavours of 4K workflows) and the consumer television manufacturers.

On the consumer side, there's a sense that the public has now embraced 4K - any excuse to spend more money! But what has the shift to 4K meant for the mainstream people and companies in the broadcast industry - the production companies and facilities providers? Unless you have very deep pockets, there's a sense that any 4K solution you put together today won't be perfect there'll be compromises and work-arounds to reach the end goal. In this way it's fair to say that 4K isn't quite there' yet.

The standardisation issue is a big one. Even the simplest of productions and workflows can already be flawed. For example, a nice new 4K camera et's take a Sony F55 - which outputs quad link SDI will need to feed that into a single link 6G or 12G device. There's a whole new layer conversion and consideration at play. Whether you're a system integrator designing a new studio facility, an outside broadcast truck or perhaps you're contemplating building your own in-house studio, it's a really tough time. 4K is here and it's accessible, and there's even ways to do it affordably but it's still no easy task.

During the summer of 2015 an executive official at the European Broadcasting Union warned electronics makers about the "dangers" of moving too quickly with 4K. Evidently this wasn't listened to which is why we're now struggling with the plethora of different formats ranging from 6G, 12G, QFDH, IP and so on.

It feels fairly likely that IP as a transmission method will replace copper, and formats such as quad link will become stepping-stones. 4K over IP is like the M6 toll road; it might cost a bit more but you'll get to your destination quicker.

There's also been lots of discussion about the other technologies surrounding 4K that haven't quite settled down such as HDR, higher frame rates and a larger colour space. The new ITU-R Recommendation BT.2020, more commonly known as Rec. 2020, and HDR are actually likely to be what 'sells' 4K to the mass market. A larger resolution is one thing but technologies like HDR and Rec. 2020 change the viewing experience it's more immersive and real. Rec. 709, the current HD standard was developed in 1993! So after such a long time with one standard, something that's such a significant improvement is bound to be well received. HDR will surely have the edge in convincing consumers to buy that new 4K TV; it's a catchy saleable buzzword that feels like it should be spoken by the raspy voice of 'Voice-Over Man'.

For the broadcast facility providers and operators, there's a whole new language to learn. Workflows and roles are changing. From a live production point of view though, it's an exciting time as we can realistically produce 4K productions now. The requirement for multi-camera 4K productions is increasing. Not only is there the obvious sport coverage that we mentioned earlier but also live music and events ripe for 4K acquisition. With decreased costs and increased availability, it's now possible for smaller companies like ourselves to do multicam 4K at a reasonable cost. Our 4K multi-camera facilities include a full flyaway gallery with various options for cameras. We can use the new Sony HDC-4300 4K system cameras or for that cinematic look, Sony PMW-F55s with 4K fibre camera adaptor systems, which along with transmitting the video signal over long distances of fibre also offers all the traditional multi-camera facilities: talkback, tally, return video, camera engineering control (racking) etc.

So 4K's here. 4K cameras, 4K mixers, monitors, routers and VT devices they're all out there, just dying to be used. And if you can get over or around the potential format mismatch issues, 4K live production is a reality. It's only taken about 13 years


Tags: iss111 | 4k | trickbox | tico alliance | sony f55 | ebu | Liam Laminman
Contributing Author Liam Laminman

Read this article in the tv-bay digital magazine
Article Copyright tv-bay limited. All trademarks recognised.
Reproduction of the content strictly prohibited without written consent.

Related Interviews
  • Adder show super low latency 4k KVM with Autodesk at IBC 2019

    Adder show super low latency 4k KVM with Autodesk at IBC 2019

  • JVC delivers the GY-HC500 and GY-HC550 4k connected cam at IBC 2019

    JVC delivers the GY-HC500 and GY-HC550 4k connected cam at IBC 2019

  • CamBall 4Ki 50/60p 18x Zoom waterproof 12g SDI PTZ camera from BR Remote at IBC 2019

    CamBall 4Ki 50/60p 18x Zoom waterproof 12g SDI PTZ camera from BR Remote at IBC 2019

  • 4k HEVC Contribution by VITEC at IBC 2019

    4k HEVC Contribution by VITEC at IBC 2019

  • Adder Infinity 4000 showing Dual-Head 4k60 KVM at IBC 2019

    Adder Infinity 4000 showing Dual-Head 4k60 KVM at IBC 2019

  • Apantac UHD 4k Multiviewer at NAB 2019

    Apantac UHD 4k Multiviewer at NAB 2019

  • Wireless 4k transmission from BOXX TV at NAB 2019

    Wireless 4k transmission from BOXX TV at NAB 2019

  • Boxx TV Wireless 4K Sub-Frame Breakthrough at NAB 2019

    Boxx TV Wireless 4K Sub-Frame Breakthrough at NAB 2019

  • ADDERLink Infinity 4000 4k KVM at NAB 2019

    ADDERLink Infinity 4000 4k KVM at NAB 2019

  • Compact 4k Cameras CE420-CS, CV506 and CV503 from Marshall at NAB 2019

    Compact 4k Cameras CE420-CS, CV506 and CV503 from Marshall at NAB 2019

  • Lynx Technik Evie 4k HDR to SDR Conversion at NAB 2019

    Lynx Technik Evie 4k HDR to SDR Conversion at NAB 2019

  • Teradek demonstrates the Bolt 4K Wireless Video System at NAB2019

    Teradek demonstrates the Bolt 4K Wireless Video System at NAB2019

  • Matrox Unveils Monarch EDGE 4K Contribution Encoder at IBC 2018

    Matrox Unveils Monarch EDGE 4K Contribution Encoder at IBC 2018

  • 12G 4K microMUSA Jackfield and Fibre Termination Solutions from Canford at IBC 2018

    12G 4K microMUSA Jackfield and Fibre Termination Solutions from Canford at IBC 2018

  • Blackmagic Design Pocket Cinema Camera BMPCC 4K at IBC 2018

    Blackmagic Design Pocket Cinema Camera BMPCC 4K at IBC 2018

  • Apantac 4k UHD HDMI/DVI Multiviewer with KVM at IBC 2018

    Apantac 4k UHD HDMI/DVI Multiviewer with KVM at IBC 2018

  • JVC 4K Connected Camera GY-HC550 and 500 at IBC 2018

    JVC 4K Connected Camera GY-HC550 and 500 at IBC 2018

  • IMT Vislink HCAM 4k UHD transmitter at IBC 2018

    IMT Vislink HCAM 4k UHD transmitter at IBC 2018

  • Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K at NAB 2018

    Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K at NAB 2018

  • Blackmagic ATEM Television Studio Pro 4K at NAB 2018

    Blackmagic ATEM Television Studio Pro 4K at NAB 2018

  • 4K UHD Multi-viewer HDMI 2.0 from Apantac at NAB 2018

    4K UHD Multi-viewer HDMI 2.0 from Apantac at NAB 2018

  • Omnitek Updates for Ultra 4k Toolbox at NAB 2018

    Omnitek Updates for Ultra 4k Toolbox at NAB 2018

  • 4k and HEVC with Garland at BVE 2018

    4k and HEVC with Garland at BVE 2018

  • 6K Sony Venice and Sony 4k Palm Camcorders at IBC 2017

    6K Sony Venice and Sony 4k Palm Camcorders at IBC 2017

  • JVC 4K UHD Monitors at IBC 2017

    JVC 4K UHD Monitors at IBC 2017

  • The CFU5 4k Transmitter from Vislink at IBC 2017

    The CFU5 4k Transmitter from Vislink at IBC 2017

  • Wireless 4K Transmitter from DTC Domo Broadcast at IBC 2017

    Wireless 4K Transmitter from DTC Domo Broadcast at IBC 2017

  • AJA Thunderbolt 3 IO 4k Plus at IBC 2017

    AJA Thunderbolt 3 IO 4k Plus at IBC 2017

  • HDR, 12G, 4k, IP - the range expands from Phabrix at NAB 2017

    HDR, 12G, 4k, IP - the range expands from Phabrix at NAB 2017

  • Quad 4k Capture and Stream with Maevex from Matrox at NAB 2017

    Quad 4k Capture and Stream with Maevex from Matrox at NAB 2017

  • 4k 60 Matrix from GDSYS at NAB 2017

    4k 60 Matrix from GDSYS at NAB 2017

  • HEVC 4k Encoding from Aviwest at NAB 2017

    HEVC 4k Encoding from Aviwest at NAB 2017

  • Apantac 4k live demo at NAB 2016

    Apantac 4k live demo at NAB 2016

  • Omnitek Ultra 4K Tool Box at IBC 2015

    Omnitek Ultra 4K Tool Box at IBC 2015

  • Snell Advanced Media (SAM) 4k workflow at IBC 2015

    Snell Advanced Media (SAM) 4k workflow at IBC 2015

  • MULTIDYNE Silverback 4k at NAB 2015

    MULTIDYNE Silverback 4k at NAB 2015

  • Atomos talking 4K on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

    Atomos talking 4K on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

  • Apantac Mi-16 UHD Multiviewer at NAB 2019

    Apantac Mi-16 UHD Multiviewer at NAB 2019

  • Panasonic Lumix GH5 at BVE 2017

    Panasonic Lumix GH5 at BVE 2017

  • Garland at BVE 2017

    Garland at BVE 2017

  • Ikegami 8k camera at IBC 2016

    Ikegami 8k camera at IBC 2016

  • Ikegami HQLM-3120W monitor at IBC 2016

    Ikegami HQLM-3120W monitor at IBC 2016

  • Ikegami UHK-430 camera at IBC 2016

    Ikegami UHK-430 camera at IBC 2016

  • Video Devices PIX-E at IBC 2016

    Video Devices PIX-E at IBC 2016

  • Sound Devices Wingman app at IBC 2016

    Sound Devices Wingman app at IBC 2016

  • JVC GY-LS300 at IBC 2015

    JVC GY-LS300 at IBC 2015

  • AVIWEST at IBC 2015

    AVIWEST at IBC 2015

  • BBright at IBC 2015

    BBright at IBC 2015

  • Thomson Video Networks at IBC 2015

    Thomson Video Networks at IBC 2015

  • Lynx Technik at IBC 2015

    Lynx Technik at IBC 2015

  • JVC at BVE 2015

    JVC at BVE 2015

  • Grass Valley at BVE 2015

    Grass Valley at BVE 2015

  • Gearhouse Broadcast at BVE 2015

    Gearhouse Broadcast at BVE 2015

  • KITPLUS rig setup at IBC 2014

    KITPLUS rig setup at IBC 2014

  • Tektronix at IBC 2014

    Tektronix at IBC 2014

  • Cooke Optics technology at IBC 2014

    Cooke Optics technology at IBC 2014

  • Cooke Optics talk anamorphic at IBC 2014

    Cooke Optics talk anamorphic at IBC 2014

  • JVC GY-LS300 prototype at IBC 2014

    JVC GY-LS300 prototype at IBC 2014

  • MultiDyne SilverBACK at IBC 2014

    MultiDyne SilverBACK at IBC 2014

  • BBright at IBC 2014

    BBright at IBC 2014

  • Hitachi at IBC 2014

    Hitachi at IBC 2014

  • Guntermann and Drunck DP-HR range at IBC 2014

    Guntermann and Drunck DP-HR range at IBC 2014

  • Ateme at IBC 2014

    Ateme at IBC 2014

  • Quantel LiveTouch at IBC 2014

    Quantel LiveTouch at IBC 2014

  • Quantel deal with AFP at IBC 2014

    Quantel deal with AFP at IBC 2014

  • Snell Kahuna Production Switcher at IBC 2014

    Snell Kahuna Production Switcher at IBC 2014

  • Matrox Monarch HD at NAB 2014

    Matrox Monarch HD at NAB 2014

  • Elemental Technologies Software-Defined Video at NAB 2014

    Elemental Technologies Software-Defined Video at NAB 2014

  • Elemental Technologies HEVC solutions at NAB 2014

    Elemental Technologies HEVC solutions at NAB 2014

  • Elemental Technologies Multiscreen Solutions at NAB 2014

    Elemental Technologies Multiscreen Solutions at NAB 2014

  • Guntermann and Drunck at NAB 2014

    Guntermann and Drunck at NAB 2014

  • Matrox Mojito at NAB 2014

    Matrox Mojito at NAB 2014

  • Matrox Capture Card at NAB 2014

    Matrox Capture Card at NAB 2014

  • Blackmagic URSA at NAB 2014

    Blackmagic URSA at NAB 2014

  • Blackmagic Studio Camera at NAB 2014

    Blackmagic Studio Camera at NAB 2014

  • Cintel Film Scanner: Blackmagic Design at NAB 2014

    Cintel Film Scanner: Blackmagic Design at NAB 2014

  • Guntermann and Drunck at BVE 2014

    Guntermann and Drunck at BVE 2014

  • Philip Bloom on Tour in Belfast

    Philip Bloom on Tour in Belfast

  • Cinegy on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

    Cinegy on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

  • Blackmagic Design on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

    Blackmagic Design on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

  • Miranda on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

    Miranda on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

  • Snell on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

    Snell on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

  • Harmonics Tom Lattie on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

    Harmonics Tom Lattie on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

  • JVC GY-HM600 series camera updates at IBC 2013

    JVC GY-HM600 series camera updates at IBC 2013

  • ATEME at IBC 2013

    ATEME at IBC 2013

  • Multidyne SilverBack, BullDog and Spider at IBC 2013

    Multidyne SilverBack, BullDog and Spider at IBC 2013

  • Cinegy at IBC 2013

    Cinegy at IBC 2013

  • Facilis at IBC 2013

    Facilis at IBC 2013

  • Blackmagic Design with the new ATEM Production Suite at IBC 2013

    Blackmagic Design with the new ATEM Production Suite at IBC 2013

  • MultiDyne: SilverBACK at NAB 2013

    MultiDyne: SilverBACK at NAB 2013

  • Quantel Pablo Rio at NAB 2013

    Quantel Pablo Rio at NAB 2013

  • Blackmagic Design: Products at NAB 2013

    Blackmagic Design: Products at NAB 2013

  • Facilis at NAB 2013

    Facilis at NAB 2013

  • AJA at BVE 2013

    AJA at BVE 2013

  • JVC at BVE 2012

    JVC at BVE 2012

  • Nugen Audio at NAB 2014

    Nugen Audio at NAB 2014

  • TSL Products SAM1 MADI at BVE 2014

    TSL Products SAM1 MADI at BVE 2014

  • NUGEN Audio: Loudness Toolkit at NAB 2013

    NUGEN Audio: Loudness Toolkit at NAB 2013

  • JVC at BVE 2013

    JVC at BVE 2013

  • Triveni Digital at NAB 2012

    Triveni Digital at NAB 2012

  • Junger Audio at IBC2011

    Junger Audio at IBC2011


Related Shows
  • Philip Bloom chats 4k: BVE Day 2

    Philip Bloom chats 4k: BVE Day 2


Articles
A Focus on the Feels
Simon Jones

Founded in London in the early 70s, Densitron was – as many companies are in the beginning - a small, specialist provider of an emerging range of thoughtfully assembled display technology products.

But that was 45 years ago. Although still London-based, it is no longer accurate to refer to Densitron as ‘small’. Consistent growth through the decades - coupled with recently becoming part of Quixant, the global gaming and broadcast technology group - has seen Densitron expand as part of a much larger, publicly traded company with offices in Europe, Asia, and America comprised of more than 200 employees generating annual turnover in excess of $100m.

Tags: iss141 | denistron | quixant | ids | human-machine | Simon Jones
Contributing Author Simon Jones Click to read or download PDF
State of the Nation - The chances of anything coming from Mars
Dick Hobbs - new We were much less worldly-wise in 1938, you may say. But the autumn of 2019 in the UK saw an election campaign which was marked – many would argue dominated – by fake news, by carefully placed stories which were not what they seemed to be. Politicians set the agenda, inventing facts where necessary.
Tags: iss141 | orson welles | cbs | fakeapp | fake news | ai | codec | ibc innovation | gblabs | Dick Hobbs - new
Contributing Author Dick Hobbs - new Click to read or download PDF
The Value of Trade Shows
KitPlus

When you think of trade shows some might consider the relevance in today's digital world where, with the click of a button, you can research the latest technology and, with another click, someone will deliver said item to your door later that day.

So on that note let's dispel the naysayers!

Tags: iss141 | ibc | kitplusshow | mpts | nab | cabsat | bsc | KitPlus
Contributing Author KitPlus Click to read or download PDF
The Networking Revolution
Neil Vann We all seek greater flexibility in everything we do. Whether it is another app for your phone, checking for a faster route on your sat-nav, or a changeable hotel booking, the more options we have, the better! Flexibility is fantastic. It offers us choices that we may never want or need, but at least we know that they are there on the off-chance that we do.
Tags: iss141 | ac-et | lighting | control | luminex | panalux | gigacore | pke lighting | b360 | mbs lighting | Neil Vann
Contributing Author Neil Vann Click to read or download PDF
Creating Broadcast Quality Live Streams for Social
Alex Pettitt

We go behind the scenes of YouTube Premiere League Football Show, “The Kick Off”

Now in its third season, live streamed roundtable “The Kick Off” is the perfect weekly companion show for football fans looking to discuss the latest Premiere league match. Featuring YouTube sensation, True Geordie, and including the option to chat interactively with the show hosts as standard, it’s no surprise that “The Kick Off” now regularly attracts around 1.7 million views.

Tags: iss141 | kickoff | blackmagic design | atem | youtube | ursa mini pro | grabyo | super chat | adsense | Alex Pettitt
Contributing Author Alex Pettitt Click to read or download PDF