Why choose a broadcast or professional monitor


Just as it’s unlikely that anyone would purchase a family vehicle to set trailblazing records around a race track and a sports car is not going to be the best choice for off-road use, the same principle is true of monitors – the key is to match the product to the demands of the task.
So what are the differences between the major monitor families?
Consumer TVs
Consumer TVs are designed to satisfy users in a domestic setting, offering a combination of rich, vibrant pictures and fashionable cosmetic design. Although they deliver an enjoyable experience, their video performance is generally only as good as the demands placed on them by the limited quality of terrestrial, cable or satellite transmissions. Invariably consumer TVs do not possess the accuracy, consistency, transparency, or the colour range (gamut) required to faithfully reproduce video source material.
Computer Monitors
Most computer monitors are intended to display text and still images; consequently they are optimised for copy readability and the vivid display of pictures. In the case of specialised gaming monitors, they can also deliver good moving picture rendition. However, as with consumer TVs, their video circuitry and display panel performance is inevitably compromised by usage considerations and will not allow professional picture quality decisions to be made with any degree of confidence. Furthermore, in the case of LCD computer monitors, the viewing angle is often very restricted and as a result it is unsuitable for production gallery or multiple viewer purposes. Computer monitors also have a different colour space to video monitors, which makes those monitors not accurate enough for video material.
Professional Monitors
Professional monitors are designed to display moving and still images in accordance with international performance standards. The best are designed to be as neutral, transparent and as consistent as possible, within their price sector, and can be relied upon to deliver faithful picture representations suitable for quality control (preview) monitoring performance, sufficient for all but the most critical decision-making situations. Professional monitors also possess the dedicated user features and robust chassis design required by commercial users.
Broadcast Monitors (Reference Monitors)
Broadcast monitors take the standards and features set by the best professional monitors to the next level. As with Professional Monitors they are designed to be neutral, transparent and consistent, but for this sector compromises are not acceptable. The best broadcast monitors do not add, or subtract, anything visually significant to, or from, the original source. They are the only true option where critical decisions have to be made based on image quality.
What questions should you ask when choosing a Professional or Master Monitor?
Picture Resolution
Does it match my needs? Not all monitors display full 1920x1080 HD resolution.

Viewing Angle
Is colour shift visible as I walk around the monitor? Would the producer and client see the same image if say viewing in an edit suite? Is the viewing angle wide enough?

Colour and Greyscale Accuracy
Is it accurate enough for my applications? Can I see hue shifts when brightness changes? How accurate is the white balance? Can I see step transitions between luminance levels and colour changes? And if so how problematic is this?
Picture Consistency
Will these monitors all look the same in my production monitor wall? Do they have a colour management system which determines this?

Operational Features
Does it have appropriate and straightforward operational features - parameter change buttons, menu structures, etc - and how well do they meet your needs?
Colour Reproduction
Does the monitor provide the colour reproduction you require?Broadcast and Professional LCD monitors can easily be switched to emulate a wide range of different international colour gamut standards such as EBU, SMPTE-C, ITU-709 – and even the colour-rich D-Cinema standard, thus increasing the range of applications they can be used on. (Colour space and gamut are designations for the range of colours that a monitor can display).
Picture Processing
Does the monitor have an 8 or 10 bit panel? (10 bit has 1024 colours per channel versus 8 bit which has 256 colours per channel; therefore 10 bit has 4x more bit depth) Does the monitor have 8, 10 or 12 bit colour processing? (12 Bit will therefore have 4096 levels of processing per RGB colour channel) Does the performance of the picture processing meet the requirements of application I need, reference or professional? How is text used in rolls, crawls and graphics displayed?
SD and HD Performance
Is the performance of the monitor good enough at both SD and HD and does it have any modes to enhance the SD picture performance? Most monitors provide resolutions up to HD and therefore provide great HD pictures. However scaling of SD pictures has varying results. Some monitors have ability to enhance the SD picture performance and separately replicate a true Interlace mode.
Versatility of Input Type
Does the monitor support a wide variety of input types from HDMI to HDSDI, from analogue composite to DVI? Different applications require different input types and. not all monitors support a wide range of inputs with future proofing for 444 and 3G
Ambient Light Reflection
Will the glossy finish on the monitor annoy me in my daily operation? Is the contrast ratio compromised? Will I have to work in a darkened room to avoid reflections? How will it impact on my working environment?

Display Response Time
Is their an unacceptable blurring effect when viewing moving images? How does it change with brightness and colour saturation levels? Does it look like it’s in line with the manufacturer’s specification?

Video Delay (Latency)
Is delay excessive? Will it cause lip sync problems. On adjustable systems, is the trade-off between minimising delay and picture quality acceptable?

Black Level Reproduction
How good is the contrast? Can I see sufficient detail in the black areas of the picture? It’s best to check using a variety of different pictures, not just test signals.

Picture Noise
How much noise and unwanted artefacts are visible? Is their excessive judder on moving images? Will it affect my operation?

Versatility and Future-Proofing
Will it cope with all the different applications and standards I deal with? Will I be able to adapt the monitor if broadcast or video standards change? Is my investment really future-proof?

Robustness
Is the product strong enough? Will it survive the inevitable knocks and bumps it will experience in daily commercial use? How would the display panel react to an impact?

After-Sales Support
How long is the product warranty? Does the manufacturer have a rigorous service infrastructure in place? What is their response time? How will they help if the product cannot be repaired quickly?

Tags: sony | iss032 | monitor | experts | consumer tv | computer monitor | professional monitor | broadcast monitor | how to choose a monitor | N/A
Contributing Author N/A

Article Copyright tv-bay limited. All trademarks recognised.
Reproduction of the content strictly prohibited without written consent.

Related Interviews
  • Sony Monitors at BVE 2014

    Sony Monitors at BVE 2014

  • Sony HXR-MC88 palm-sized camcorder shown plus UWP series wireless transmission at NAB 2019

    Sony HXR-MC88 palm-sized camcorder shown plus UWP series wireless transmission at NAB 2019

  • Social Media Virtual Production Switching from Sony

    Social Media Virtual Production Switching from Sony

  • 6K Sony Venice and Sony 4k Palm Camcorders at IBC 2017

    6K Sony Venice and Sony 4k Palm Camcorders at IBC 2017

  • All you need to know about the Sony FS5 Raw and HDR Upgrade and more from NAB 2017

    All you need to know about the Sony FS5 Raw and HDR Upgrade and more from NAB 2017

  • Sonys new cameras at IBC 2014 - including the FS7

    Sonys new cameras at IBC 2014 - including the FS7

  • Sony Alpha7S at NAB 2014

    Sony Alpha7S at NAB 2014

  • Sony Camcorders at BVE 2014

    Sony Camcorders at BVE 2014

  • Sony Wireless Microphones at BVE 2014

    Sony Wireless Microphones at BVE 2014

  • Sony at ProVideo2011

    Sony at ProVideo2011

  • Sony at IBC2011

    Sony at IBC2011

  • The KitPlus NAB kit overview video

    The KitPlus NAB kit overview video

  • KitPlus filming rig used at NAB 2017

    KitPlus filming rig used at NAB 2017

  • Den Lennie considers what kit and cameras to buy for 2015

    Den Lennie considers what kit and cameras to buy for 2015

  • KITPLUS rig setup at IBC 2014

    KITPLUS rig setup at IBC 2014

  • Philip Blooms recommendations at IBC 2014

    Philip Blooms recommendations at IBC 2014

  • Thear Technology at BVE 2013

    Thear Technology at BVE 2013

  • Thear Technology Limited at BVE North 2012

    Thear Technology Limited at BVE North 2012

  • Thear Technology Limited at ProVideo2011

    Thear Technology Limited at ProVideo2011

  • Divine - New Intelligent Monitor Speaker from Glensound

    Divine - New Intelligent Monitor Speaker from Glensound

  • Bella 22 MK11 Network Audio Monitor from Glensound at IBC 2019

    Bella 22 MK11 Network Audio Monitor from Glensound at IBC 2019

  • KVM over IP with Video Monitoring Wall from Apantac at IBC 2019

    KVM over IP with Video Monitoring Wall from Apantac at IBC 2019

  • SmallHD shows the Cine 7 monitor with camera control and integrated Teradek Bolt at NAB 2019

    SmallHD shows the Cine 7 monitor with camera control and integrated Teradek Bolt at NAB 2019

  • TSL Products acquire DNF Controls plus TSL SAM-Q SDI Audio Monitor NAB 2019

    TSL Products acquire DNF Controls plus TSL SAM-Q SDI Audio Monitor NAB 2019

  • Mediaproxy LogServer for compliance monitoring and analysis at NAB 2019

    Mediaproxy LogServer for compliance monitoring and analysis at NAB 2019

  • Glensound 4 x Loudspeaker monitoring subrack at BVE 2019

    Glensound 4 x Loudspeaker monitoring subrack at BVE 2019

  • CueScript show their IP CSM Monitors at IBC 2018

    CueScript show their IP CSM Monitors at IBC 2018

  • New 703 Bolt monitor from SmallHD at NAB 2018

    New 703 Bolt monitor from SmallHD at NAB 2018

  • JVC monitoring solutions DT-G, DT-E, DT-U, and DT-V range at BVE 2018

    JVC monitoring solutions DT-G, DT-E, DT-U, and DT-V range at BVE 2018

  • Small HD 1703-P3X Monitor at IBC 2017

    Small HD 1703-P3X Monitor at IBC 2017

  • JVC 4K UHD Monitors at IBC 2017

    JVC 4K UHD Monitors at IBC 2017

  • IP, 3G-SDI + HDR generation, analysis and monitoring from Phabrix NAB 2017

    IP, 3G-SDI + HDR generation, analysis and monitoring from Phabrix NAB 2017

  • Ikegami HQLM-3120W monitor at IBC 2016

    Ikegami HQLM-3120W monitor at IBC 2016

  • Apantac monitoring over IP at NAB 2016

    Apantac monitoring over IP at NAB 2016

  • Wohler MPEG Monitoring Series at IBC 2014

    Wohler MPEG Monitoring Series at IBC 2014

  • Wohler MPEG Monitoring at BVE 2014

    Wohler MPEG Monitoring at BVE 2014

  • Marshall Monitors at IBC 2013

    Marshall Monitors at IBC 2013

  • Bridge Technologies QoE Monitoring with Mobile Videowall Display at IBC 2013

    Bridge Technologies QoE Monitoring with Mobile Videowall Display at IBC 2013

  • Autocue at NAB 2012

    Autocue at NAB 2012

  • CueScript enables IP compatibility. Future proofed & enhanced ROI. Light weight and low power.

    CueScript enables IP compatibility. Future proofed & enhanced ROI. Light weight and low power.

  • 8k Daniel from Cinegy at NAB 2017

    8k Daniel from Cinegy at NAB 2017

  • JVC at BVE 2017

    JVC at BVE 2017

  • The Telos Alliance at IBC 2016

    The Telos Alliance at IBC 2016

  • Tektronix at IBC 2016

    Tektronix at IBC 2016

  • Wohler at IBC 2016

    Wohler at IBC 2016

  • Video Devices PIX-E at IBC 2016

    Video Devices PIX-E at IBC 2016

  • Sound Devices Wingman app at IBC 2016

    Sound Devices Wingman app at IBC 2016

  • Phabrix Qx at IBC 2015

    Phabrix Qx at IBC 2015

  • Phabrix TAG and Rx at IBC 2015

    Phabrix TAG and Rx at IBC 2015

  • NUGEN Audio at BVE 2015

    NUGEN Audio at BVE 2015

  • Phabrix RX series at IBC 2014

    Phabrix RX series at IBC 2014

  • RTW at IBC 2014

    RTW at IBC 2014

  • Tektronix at IBC 2014

    Tektronix at IBC 2014

  • Volicon Products at IBC 2014

    Volicon Products at IBC 2014

  • Volicon at IBC 2014

    Volicon at IBC 2014

  • RTW at NAB 2014

    RTW at NAB 2014

  • Studio Technologies at NAB 2014

    Studio Technologies at NAB 2014

  • Atomos Shogun and Ninja Star at NAB 2014

    Atomos Shogun and Ninja Star at NAB 2014

  • Atomos Samurai Blade at BVE 2014

    Atomos Samurai Blade at BVE 2014

  • Atomos Ronin at BVE 2014

    Atomos Ronin at BVE 2014

  • Atomos Ninja Blade at BVE 2014

    Atomos Ninja Blade at BVE 2014

  • Wohler DPP at BVE 2014

    Wohler DPP at BVE 2014

  • Atomos with the Samurai Blade on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

    Atomos with the Samurai Blade on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

  • Wohler Technologies on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

    Wohler Technologies on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

  • Nexidia QC on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

    Nexidia QC on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

  • Volicon on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

    Volicon on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

  • Atomos with the Datacolor Spyder on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

    Atomos with the Datacolor Spyder on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

  • Sound Devices on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

    Sound Devices on BroadcastShow LIVE at IBC 2013

  • TSL Products PAM1, SAM1 and PAM PiCo at IBC 2013

    TSL Products PAM1, SAM1 and PAM PiCo at IBC 2013

  • Calrec Callisto at IBC 2013

    Calrec Callisto at IBC 2013

  • RTW at IBC 2013

    RTW at IBC 2013

  • Atomos Ninja2 Recorder at IBC 2013

    Atomos Ninja2 Recorder at IBC 2013

  • Atomos Ronin at IBC 2013

    Atomos Ronin at IBC 2013

  • Atomos new Samurai Blade at IBC 2013

    Atomos new Samurai Blade at IBC 2013

  • JVC GY-HM600 series camera updates at IBC 2013

    JVC GY-HM600 series camera updates at IBC 2013

  • TSL Products at IBC 2013

    TSL Products at IBC 2013

  • Bridge Technologies PocketProbe App at NAB 2013

    Bridge Technologies PocketProbe App at NAB 2013

  • RTW at NAB 2013

    RTW at NAB 2013

  • Sound Devices at NAB 2013

    Sound Devices at NAB 2013

  • TSL Products at NAB 2013

    TSL Products at NAB 2013

  • TSL Systems at BVE 2013

    TSL Systems at BVE 2013

  • TSL Products at BVE 2013

    TSL Products at BVE 2013

  • Phabrix at BVE 2013

    Phabrix at BVE 2013

  • Datavideo on the Holdan stand at BVE 2013

    Datavideo on the Holdan stand at BVE 2013

  • Oxygen DCT at BVE North 2012

    Oxygen DCT at BVE North 2012

  • RTW at NAB 2012

    RTW at NAB 2012

  • TSL at NAB 2012

    TSL at NAB 2012

  • Qualis at NAB 2012

    Qualis at NAB 2012

  • Digital Nirvana at NAB 2012

    Digital Nirvana at NAB 2012

  • TV ONE at BVE 2012

    TV ONE at BVE 2012

  • Autocue at BVE 2012

    Autocue at BVE 2012

  • Sennheiser at BVE 2012

    Sennheiser at BVE 2012

  • Sound Devices at ProVideo2011

    Sound Devices at ProVideo2011

  • Sennheiser at BVE North 2011

    Sennheiser at BVE North 2011

  • Source Distribution and Genelec at BVE North 2011

    Source Distribution and Genelec at BVE North 2011

  • Oxygen DCT at BVE North 2011

    Oxygen DCT at BVE North 2011

  • Pixelution at BVE North 2011

    Pixelution at BVE North 2011

  • HHB and TC Electronic at BVE North2011

    HHB and TC Electronic at BVE North2011

  • Leader at IBC2011

    Leader at IBC2011

  • Murraypro at IBC2011

    Murraypro at IBC2011

  • Marshall Electronics at IBC2011

    Marshall Electronics at IBC2011

  • TC Electronic at IBC2011

    TC Electronic at IBC2011

  • RTW at IBC2011

    RTW at IBC2011

  • DK Technology at IBC2011

    DK Technology at IBC2011

  • Oxygen DCT at IBC2011

    Oxygen DCT at IBC2011


Related Shows
  • Sony FS7 show with Den Lennie at BVE 2015

    Sony FS7 show with Den Lennie at BVE 2015


Articles
CLASS - Software Workflows
Bruce Devlin - new NAB is approaching. Apart from deciding on whether to come for a bike ride with myself and the KitPlus Team, you should also be thinking about what information you want to get from the vendors and the thought leaders that will stay relevant long enough be deployed.
Tags: iss141 | class | dpp | dpp tech leader | cots | smpte | nab2020 | Bruce Devlin - new
Contributing Author Bruce Devlin - new Click to read or download PDF
The Networking Revolution
Neil Vann We all seek greater flexibility in everything we do. Whether it is another app for your phone, checking for a faster route on your sat-nav, or a changeable hotel booking, the more options we have, the better! Flexibility is fantastic. It offers us choices that we may never want or need, but at least we know that they are there on the off-chance that we do.
Tags: iss141 | ac-et | lighting | control | luminex | panalux | gigacore | pke lighting | b360 | mbs lighting | Neil Vann
Contributing Author Neil Vann Click to read or download PDF
Creating Diverse Show Content For Diversity
Clive Silver Diversity has been a household name in the UK for many years now. Can you tell us about your involvement with them? After winning Britain’s Got Talent (BGT), the group’s entire existence got turned on its head. One of the first things Diversity’s leader, Ashley Banjo, did was to make a list of all the things he thought made a show great.
Tags: iss141 | diversity | bgt | cs media | braw | ursa minipro | blackmagic raw | braw | Clive Silver
Contributing Author Clive Silver Click to read or download PDF
New Year, New Decade, New Rig
Alex Macleod So I finally decided to pull the trigger and put together my own system using their intuitive configurator which you can find on the 3XS website. It allows you to start with a pre-configured system, and then add or take away elements of the build that best suit your needs. Again - other PC suppliers are available..!
Tags: iss141 | mediacity training | scan computers | 3xs | nvidia rtx 2060 | evolve nle hd plus | Alex Macleod
Contributing Author Alex Macleod Click to read or download PDF
TVFutures - Learning Editing Platforms
Connor Eves Long before I even started University, I knew I wanted to be a video editor. I used to spend large amounts of my time editing together my own YouTube videos (In fact, I still do- occasionally) My name is Connor Eves, and I’m now just a few months away from attempting to enter the post-production realm at a professional level, a thought that is on my mind near enough everyday.
Tags: iss141 | portsmouth university | ccitv | premiere pro | blackmagic | davinci | avid | fcp | final cut pro | Connor Eves
Contributing Author Connor Eves Click to read or download PDF