Articles
TV Futures
Gemma Frith I used to hate audio. Every time we recorded audio on a location shoot, something seemed to go wrong. It was a nightmare. And because I didn't understand it, I avoided it and would do anything to not be responsible for recording sound. However, eventually it got to a point where I hated how much I hated audio more than I hated audio itself! It became frustrating that I couldn't get it right, and I didn't want to have to avoid it anymore; I wanted to become a master of audio. That may have been slightly ambitious, but still, I was going to try.
Tags: iss113 | Audio | TV | CCI TV | Radio | Student | Gemma Frith
Contributing Author Gemma Frith Click to read
Measurement and Visualization of Loudness
Michael Kahsnitz Today's audio engineers and editors have to fight various battles, including constantly shrinking production budgets, less time to create the final program content and more tech specs to match than ever. For this compilation, we take a deeper look at the required major indicators common to all the standards.
Tags: iss113 | LUFS | LKFS | TV | Loudness | Audio | Measurement | Visualization | Michael Kahsnitz
Contributing Author Michael Kahsnitz Click to read
Class: Multi - Channel Audio
Bruce Devlin If you're given a media file and it has 16 channels of audio then life can quickly become the opposite of boring, especially if it has to go to air quickly and the supplier is new. Put simply there are many ways in which the different channels can be laid out in the file, but there isn't a single overall standard for labelling them. Enter SMPTE ST 377-4 - the Multi-Channel Audio Labelling specification (MCA). It's really boring and this is a good thing.
Tags: iss113 | Audio | Media | Multi-Channel Audio | MCA | MXF | GUI | Bruce Devlin
Contributing Author Bruce Devlin Click to read
Females In The Broadcasting Industry
Emma Clifford You're hiring. You're reviewing CVs.You're not bothered about names are you? What matters are skills, experience and the competencies of the candidates, right? Wrong! You probably have unconscious bias.
Tags: iss113 | FBI | Females | STEM | Science | Technology | Enginreering | Maths | CV | STEMNET | Girls in Tech UK | Future Tech Girls | Emma Clifford
Contributing Author Emma Clifford Click to read
Remote Production
Jim Green Ten years ago,remote production was the stuff of dreams,a glimpse into a brave new world. The prospect of providing real-time audio control of live events thousands of miles away,without even leaving the studio,was as enticing as it was unlikely.
Tags: iss113 | Calrec | Latency | Control | infrastructure | IFB | DSP | AES67 | Ravenna | Dante | SMPTE 2022 | Jim Green
Contributing Author Jim Green Click to read
Loudness Measurement and Control Strategies For The UK Broadcast Market
Manik Gupta A common issue that today's broadcast ,cable, and satellite operators face is inconsistent loudness. Over the years, the loudness levels of some commercials have been deliberately increased to catch audiences' attention. Ultimately, inconsistent loudness between regular programming and advertisements has discouraged continued viewing and resulted in consumer complaints.
Tags: iss113 | Loudness Measurement | Loudness | EBU R128 | EBU | LKFS | LUFS | Manik Gupta
Contributing Author Manik Gupta Click to read
Our Time At NAB 2016
Beth Zarkosh We were lucky enough to visit this year's NAB Show in Las Vegas, and we must say there were some real treats on show! Here's just a few things that stood out for us and worth keeping your eye on.
Tags: iss113 | NAB 2016 | Virtual Reality & 360 Degree Videos | Black Magic | DaVinci Resolve 12.5 | EDIUS 8.2 | Colour Correction | Motion tracking | GoPro Omni | Canon | Sony | Panasonic | 4k | Beth Zarkosh
Contributing Author Beth Zarkosh Click to read
Sound Devices: My Choice For Everything Audio
Darren Brisker Ever since I can remember, I have had a passion and curiosity for sound and sound recording. For the past thirty years, I have had the good fortune of turning that desire into a career as a production sound mixer working on incredible projects, including three of The Twilight Saga films. During my three decades in the industry, I have always prided myself on using the best equipment available, in order to capture the best sound possible. Equipment selection is critical to success, and the game was forever changed when Sound Devices entered the mix.
Tags: iss113 | Sound Devices | Audio | 744T Recorder | SL-6 | 688 | 664 | Comtek BST 216-75 | Sennheiser | Sanken | MixAssist | Darren Brisker
Contributing Author Darren Brisker Click to read
Audio
Pieter Schillebeeckx Audio monitoring has come a long way since its humble beginnings of a box with a speaker, a volume control and an analogue input. Today's high-end audio monitoring units boast an impressive array of I/O such as SDI, MADI, AES-3 and Analogue while offering a large amount of functionality such as accurate metering, loudness measurement, Dolby decoding, metadata analysis and video confidence monitoring. There is however a huge storm brewing in the world of broadcast in the form of video and audio over IP, which will turn everything upside down.
Tags: iss113 | Audio | Audio Monitoring | SDI | MADI | AES-3 | S2022-6 | TR-03 | TR-04 | IP | AES67 | Dante | Ravenna | 3G-SDI | TSL | MADI | PAM-IP | Pieter Schillebeeckx
Contributing Author Pieter Schillebeeckx Click to read
Recreating a Masterpiece
Stuart Harris Tell us a bit about yourself Stuart. At the moment I am the acting head of cinematography here at the National Film and Television School. I have been a cinematographer from around 1980 and I have done commercials, music videos, feature films, sort of everything really. I think a creative career was what I wanted to do and I found myself doing lots and lots of commercials which I really enjoy doing and music videos which I also love as well. But we're all storytellers and I don't think at the end of the day whether the film or the card in the camera knows what you're shooting it is what you put on there, that's the most important thing.
Tags: iss112 | digital | masterpiece | Stuart Harris
Contributing Author Stuart Harris Click to read
Wireless Keyboard Review
Beth Zarkosh Knowing all of the shortcuts can really help you become much more productive and saves you from getting a sore hand from all of those additional mouse clicks you'd have otherwise needed to make. (Thank us later!)
Tags: iss112 | NAB | Wireless Keyboard | Adobe | Beth Zarkosh
Contributing Author Beth Zarkosh Click to read
Leaving Las Vegas
John Smith I've had the privilege of being a regular visitor and exhibitor at NAB since the early 1980's. One memorable occasion, our flight home had been overbooked and so an alternative arrangement was made. We wondered why it would take four hours to fly from Vegas to LA? As the pilot turned up in full leather flying gear, including goggles and 20 Sony dealer principals and staff were loaded on to a crop sprayer it became clearer! The request-stop service ended up picking-up and dropping-off additional passengers en-route, however, flying low across the desert offered some of the most stunning views of scenery I've ever seen!
Tags: iss112 | NAB 2016 | Media Links | IP | John Smith
Contributing Author John Smith Click to read
The Power Of IP
Jamie Shepperd There is little doubt that the adoption of IP technology across the broadcast workflow can bring significant benefit to broadcasters. IP is ubiquitous, it's based on common standards and broadcast can benefit further from the wealth of expertise and technology that exist in other industries. While we are still moving toward complete adoption- from ingest, processing and storage, to media management and distribution- there are areas where IP has been making its mark for some time, providing the industry with a powerful proof point for its wider adoption.
Tags: iss112 | IP | Power of IP | Broadcast | Jamie Shepperd
Contributing Author Jamie Shepperd Click to read
The Search For The Coastal Wolf
Bertie Gregory Bertie Gregory, 2012 Youth Outdoor Photographer Of The Year and 2015 Scientific Exploration Society Zenith Explorer, is a professional wildlife photographer, filmmaker and presenter whose first solo assignment for National Geographic will debut in Spring 2016 on their new online platform. This 24 part series, shot in 4k using Canon lenses all supported by the Sachtler V18, follows Gregory on a wildlife adventure where he tracks down and seeks to film the elusive coastal wolf on the west coast of Vancouver Island, Canada.
Tags: iss112 | Coast | 4k | Canon | Canada | Bertie Gregory
Contributing Author Bertie Gregory Click to read
Waveform Monitors in 4K Production
Alan Wheable Waveforms have always been one of the essential tools for anyone working in the video industry and are used for level alignment, grading and quality control to touch on just a few areas.
Tags: iss112 | Waveform Monitors | 4K | UHD | Alan Wheable
Contributing Author Alan Wheable Click to read
Fact from Fiction - IP transport
Bruce Devlin Wandering around the endless corridors of NAB in 2016, you'll hear much more talk of IP transport than in previous years. If you're lucky then you'll see a few GUIs that might show Software Defined Network (SDN) routings or channel allocations. You might see a GUI that shows the flows of essence, grains, packets or other networked "stuff". If you're really eagle eyed then you might even see some hardware. Yes, that's right hardware - remember the metal boxes that we used to have to supply with electricity and the hook up in the days before cloud? I am certain that there is real hardware to be seen out there.
Tags: iss112 | NAB 2016 | IP | IP Transport | SDN | Bruce Devlin
Contributing Author Bruce Devlin Click to read
SDI, IP, Uncompressed and Compressed
Phillip Adams KitPlus asked PHABRIX and its founder Phil Adams about the latest in test & measurement solutions.
Tags: iss112 | PHABRIX | SDI | IP | Uncompressed | Compressed | Phillip Adams
Contributing Author Phillip Adams Click to read
Shooting the Extreme
Mel Noonan Steffan Hewitt started covering extreme sports as a cameraman and learnt to ski backwards while shooting skiers in front of him. Surprisingly he survived, and went on to design and use a lightweight pole with an early SD minicam slung at the top operated via a remote pan and tilt head from the other end. He called it Polecam.
Tags: iss112 | Extreme | Cameras | Polecam | Mel Noonan
Contributing Author Mel Noonan Click to read
Females In The Broadcasting Industry
Samantha Arlow Everyone has heard of the FBI right? The US Federal Bureau of Investigation that inspires images of hard talking detectives in dark suits and sunglasses. But if you work in Broadcast, there's another FBI you should know about. This FBI, as the name spells out, is an organisation specifically geared towards Females in the Broadcast Industry; although it too can appreciate a sharp suit and sunglasses combo!
Tags: iss112 | FBI | Broadcasting | Samantha Arlow
Contributing Author Samantha Arlow Click to read
Resolute over Resolution
Peter Savage 2 According to an industry think-tank, the end of 2017 will see the tipping point for UHD in the UK. But, ask the people working on the frontline, and that picture is not so clear.
Tags: iss112 | NAB 2016 | Resolution | Resolute | UHD | Peter Savage 2
Contributing Author Peter Savage 2 Click to read
The World Of Risk
Leighton Chenery Risk was again the topic of the day. From Brexit to China's debt issues, from migration to food shortage, oil price to climate change, the discussion and debates around the halls centre around how to solve the important issues that threaten the stability of our economies and world security.
Tags: iss112 | Risk | Change | Leighton Chenery
Contributing Author Leighton Chenery Click to read
TV Futures
Jemma Davis The second year of my degree course gives a variety of options, and one of these is scuba diving and filming. It's something I've never considered before, so when I saw it as an option choice I was delighted to be faced with the opportunity to film underwater. I can also now say it was the best thing I've ever done! My name is Jemma Davis and I am a third year studying BSc Television and Broadcasting at the University of Portsmouth.
Tags: iss112 | NAB 2016 | Student | Jemma Davis
Contributing Author Jemma Davis Click to read
The Danish Girl
Adam Glasman lorist Adam Glasman reveals how he was inspired by the classics to grade Oscar nominated transgender pioneer biopic, "The Danish Girl". Based on the book by David Ebershoff, "The Danish Girl", which has received four Oscar nominations this year, is the remarkable love story inspired by the lives of Lili Elbe and Gerda Wegener, portrayed by Academy Award winner Eddie Redmayne ("The Theory of Everything") and Alicia Vikander ("Ex Machina"), and directed by Academy Award winner Tom Hooper ("The King's Speech", "Les Miserables"). Lili and Gerda's marriage and work evolve as they navigate Lili's groundbreaking journey as a transgender pioneer.
Tags: iss112 | Danish | Oscar | Adam Glasman
Contributing Author Adam Glasman Click to read
Building Blocks
Dick Hobbs. That is the MIT Media Lab saying, in a typically American academic way, that they want to help producers make better content. That is what you find if you Google "object-based broadcasting".
Tags: iss112 | lego | MIT | dick hobbs | Dick Hobbs.
Contributing Author Dick Hobbs. Click to read
Camera Operations (part 2)
Peter Leverick In Part 1 (issue 110) I addressed the practical skills required by Camera Operators aspiring to enter the Broadcast TV market. A good camera operator also needs to have good artistic senses and abilities. Like practical skills this is something that is acquired through training and practice. As with all training and practice the trainee needs to have access to a good trainer and the time to observe & practice. Trainer input alone does not make a good cameraman; a Trainer should give the student an understanding of what is required through explanation and demonstration, from that point on, it is down to the student to watch high end Broadcast output and practice/practice/practice what he or she sees and has learnt.
Tags: iss112 | Cameras | Part 2 | Peter Leverick
Contributing Author Peter Leverick Click to read
Getting real with virtual
Dick Hobbs. It's only February (or it is when I am typing this) but already we are suffering from exhibition overload. I did not go to Mobile World Congress, having no real desire to be mugged in Barcelona. But I did look in at BVE somewhere near London where a conversation with an exhibitor and old friend set me thinking. And perhaps wishing I was at Mobile World Congress.
Tags: iss111 | google cardboard | virtual reality | dick hobbs | Dick Hobbs.
Contributing Author Dick Hobbs. Click to read
4k is a reality for live production
Liam Laminman

Some aspects of the broadcast industry move exceedingly quickly; new cameras are launched seemingly daily, shows are commissioned and shows are axed but the overall pace of the industry remains pretty steady. Would it shock you to hear that NHK in Japan first built its own 4K prototype camera in 2003? (At this point, it's worth clarifying that we're using the term '4K' to reference UHDTV1 (3840—2160) but '4K' seems to have shone through as the saleable name tag.) Today, just a mere 13 years later it looks like we're now ready to adopt 4K. It is now a reality within the industry and for the everyday consumer.

Tags: iss111 | 4k | trickbox | tico alliance | sony f55 | ebu | Liam Laminman
Contributing Author Liam Laminman Click to read
Audio Streaming with Larry Jordan
Larry Jordan# If you are thinking about creating your own streaming video podcast or channel, a great place to start is with a live audio podcast because, as you'll discover, the challenges are not in the technology but in the workflow. It is far easier to create an audio show than video. If you plan to expand into video, you can still stream the audio portion of the show.
Tags: iss111 | larry jordan | podcast | streaming | Larry Jordan#
Contributing Author Larry Jordan# Click to read
The fushion of content and big data
Yoav Gaziel Today's television viewers have a different set of expectations than they did even just a few years ago. The emergence of smartphones, tablets, and other Internet-connected devices and the subsequent improvements in user-experience has driven viewers to want a more engaging, rich, and interactive television experience, just like they get on their modern devices.
Tags: iss111 | comigo | stb | nlp | pay-tv | Yoav Gaziel
Contributing Author Yoav Gaziel Click to read
The secret world of the underwriter
Leighton Chenery Am I a good or bad risk? And how much do Insurers really make? In this edition I will be given you a peek behind the underwriter's desk and an insight into how they go about making their money. I think that it is fair to say that all of us feel a little bit aggrieved paying out premiums, particularly those of us who don't make claims.
Tags: iss111 | insurance | underwriter | Leighton Chenery
Contributing Author Leighton Chenery Click to read
The secrets behind live streaming
Thom Holliday Livestreaming can be fraught with perils and pitfalls. For a first timer, it can be daunting to configure each part of a livestream. Each moving part needs your attention, and this can be overwhelming for first timers.
Tags: iss111 | live streaming | larry jordan | rtmp | http | hls | ios | android | streamamg | Thom Holliday
Contributing Author Thom Holliday Click to read
The work of five viewers with no transcoders
Randy Mills I am a digital imaging technician and editor with more than 15 years of experience in the film and television industry. I have traveled the world working with various production companies on popular network reality series, such as TNT's "72 Hours," National Geographic Channel's "Ultimate Survival Alaska," and MTV's "Are You The One?" I'm also the editor for Theory Studios, an online animation studio that produces short cartoons and VFX. I came up in the industry as a camera operator, but in the past five years I have moved into data management.
Tags: iss111 | tnt | hd-vu2 | xdcam | canon mxf | gopro | Randy Mills
Contributing Author Randy Mills Click to read
TV Futures - Streaming
Danielle Wiltshire Hello I'm Danielle Wiltshire and I am currently in my final year at the University of Portsmouth studying on the specialist course BSc Television and Broadcasting. One of the things I love about my course is that the academics involved are always striving to be ahead of the curve with teaching, and they care greatly about what aspects of industry practice need to be in the curriculum. For example, IP is now regarded as one of the serious futures of broadcasting, I got the opportunity to set-up a proper outside broadcast as part of my final year project.
Tags: iss111 | portsmouth | cci tv | streaming | news spotter | twitch | Danielle Wiltshire
Contributing Author Danielle Wiltshire Click to read
Raising the bar at BVE
Peter Savage 2 Azule's Peter Savage managed to drag himself away from his countless BVE meetings (and the show bar) for long enough to discover that 'easy-to-use' was the tipple of choice at this year's show.
Tags: iss111 | bve | finance | pxw-z150 | vcc-4k1 | panasonic lt | Peter Savage 2
Contributing Author Peter Savage 2 Click to read
Must haves for wireless camera transmission
John Payne In the days of analog, camera operators were basically tethered to the camera via cable. Additionally, when doing a remote transmission the production required line-of-sight to the receive site or to a satellite. It took a small army and lots of hardware to make an on-location shoot happen.
Tags: iss111 | imt | wireless | transmission | cofdm | ob | mpeg-4 | John Payne
Contributing Author John Payne Click to read
Being heard in the jungle
Andy Clements Professional wireless sound solution specialists, Raycom, were asked in summer 2015 to specify, supply and commission a huge new RF wireless distribution system for ITV's popular reality television show, "I'm A Celebrity Get Me Out Of Here!"
Tags: iss111 | raycom | jungle | celebrity | antennas | Andy Clements
Contributing Author Andy Clements Click to read
The importance of maintaining digital audio paths
Larry Schindel A portable, handheld, digital audio stream analyzer/generator is an essential piece of test equipment in the broadcast environment. It allows engineers and system integrators to quickly monitor and verify the composition, and integrity of, audio signals at any point from production all the way through the distribution chain.
Tags: iss111 | linear acoustic | dolby | aes3 | mt2000 | dvb-asi | toslink | smpte 337 | Larry Schindel
Contributing Author Larry Schindel Click to read
IP for live production
John Smith The production and transmission of a live sporting event is one of the most technically challenging assignments for any crew. After all, you can't ask to take the shot again at a live event! Multiple signals in a variety of formats need to be transmitted around the sporting venue, as well as being seamlessly integrated with feeds from a studio or other locations to form a complete broadcast stream.
Tags: iss111 | ip | live production | wan | media links | md8000 | John Smith
Contributing Author John Smith Click to read
Object Audio - whats all the noise about
Bruce Devlin We all know that getting the audio right makes the pictures better. Anyone who has seen a movie created for Object Audio like Dolby Atmos will know that there is something special about it. To figure out what that is, let's rewind a little and see why we might need it.
Tags: iss111 | object audio | dalet | mxf | Bruce Devlin
Contributing Author Bruce Devlin Click to read
Grading Temple - Making the future look vintage
Simon Allard Cineground's Simon Allard and Nguyen Anh Nguyen reveal how they used Kowa lenses and an atypical approach to grading to give their new sci-fi cyberpunk thriller, "Temple" a unique vintage look.
Tags: iss111 | blackmagic | grading | temple | resolve | davinci | Simon Allard
Contributing Author Simon Allard Click to read
A virtual world but call it cloud if you must
Jan Weigner I prefer not to use the word "cloud". It's useful for eight points in Scrabble, but in broadcasting, if we can still call it that, what you're really describing is storing data on someone else's computer or, on an industrial scale, a whole lot of someone else's computers (data centres). Cloud is just a convenient way of saying "shedload of capacity".
Tags: iss111 | cloud | virtual | vrt | amazon web sevices | scrabble | Jan Weigner
Contributing Author Jan Weigner Click to read
Square-division versus two-sample interleave
Kevin Salvidge Following on from a very successful IBC2015 in Amsterdam, we have been travelling across Europe to hold follow-on discussions with production companies and outside broadcast facility-providers. This series of customer meetings, product demonstrations and evaluations highlighted two key concerns currently relating to 4K/UHD television production: the relative merits of square-division and two-sample interleave.
Tags: iss110 | leader | LV 5490 | 4k | uhd | Kevin Salvidge
Contributing Author Kevin Salvidge Click to read
Staying within a recognisable landscape
Alan Wheable 2015 saw the maturing development of UHDTV 4K signal technologies and a growing agreement that both SDI and IP will exist in their respective strong application areas, as a solid engineering solution to the differing requirements of live signal handling and programme contribution.
Tags: iss110 | omnitek | uhdtv | 4k | 12g-sdi | eyepattern | Alan Wheable
Contributing Author Alan Wheable Click to read
How Your iPad Can Help Your Filmmaking
Beth Zarkhosh The new iPad is a fantastic and innovative tool for practically anything, but now you can rely on it for your filmmaking needs as well. It may not be what Spielberg is using to shoot his next blockbuster, however it's rapidly becoming a must-have tool for filmmakers of all shapes and sizes around the world.
Tags: iss110 | ipad | final draft | movie slate | editors keys | usb microphone | garage band | photo soft box | jump start | ac-7 core | imovie | filmic | Beth Zarkhosh
Contributing Author Beth Zarkhosh Click to read
Gaining insight in a fragmented broadcast world
Keith Bedford The proliferation of mobile devices, on-demand content and the fragmentation of viewing habits makes the task of measuring TV audiences and the level of audience participation a bigger challenge than ever before. While the ways that consumers' access content may have changed radically, broadcasters' need for an accurate view of who is watching what, when and how haven't.
Tags: iss110 | ebs | pawa | mobile | barb | ofcom | listing data | Keith Bedford
Contributing Author Keith Bedford Click to read
Are your employees protected while traveling abroad on business
Leighton Chenery In a climate of growing global volatility it's no secret that travel risks have increased as we've seen with sad frequency in recent years. When things go wrong in a foreign country they can go very wrong and it can expose employers to major legal, reputational and business continuity risks.
Tags: iss110 | insurance | employee | travel | Leighton Chenery
Contributing Author Leighton Chenery Click to read
Focus Technology in 2016 and Beyond
Lisa J Whelan With the advance of larger camera sensors, faster lenses and complex lighting systems, the role of the 1st AC (Assistant Camera) is more demanding than ever. Fortunately, the world of focus technology is developing new and innovative ways to step up and meet these demands head-on.
Tags: iss110 | focus | spectre | light ranger 2 | optical support | Lisa J Whelan
Contributing Author Lisa J Whelan Click to read
Troubleshooting - Top Tips to Make Files Work
Bruce Devlin So, you built yourself the world's most perfect, IT-based file workflow and you have a state-of-the-art media facility? Congratulations, have a beer, but at some point it's going to go wrong!
Tags: iss110 | dalet | class | academy | sakichi toyoda | openshoft | azure | Bruce Devlin
Contributing Author Bruce Devlin Click to read
Smaller Cameras Result in Big Changes in Fluid Heads and Camera Support Solutions
N/A As technology progresses, videographers find themselves dealing with smaller cameras that become the flavor of the week, but are soon replaced six months later by technology that makes them even tinier. With this has come a new way of thinking of camera support solutions. Fluid heads that were originally designed to support smaller, more entry-level type camera models are many times not able to handle all of the camera peripherals, such as lenses and monitors, employed in a more professional shoot.
Tags: iss110 | miller | support | tripods | N/A
Contributing Author N/A Click to read
THE EVOLVING DRONE CAPTURE MARKET
Bjorn Olin Although the use of drones to capture content for film and television productions may still seem new to some, Helifilm.com began using drones for photography way back in 2008.
Tags: iss110 | videodevices | drones | apple prores | pix-e5 | pix-e5h | sony a7s | Bjorn Olin
Contributing Author Bjorn Olin Click to read