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So where is best to place the microphone? If you place the axis of the microphone between the nose and mouth to pick up the full sound of the voice, this will give you the best possible sound with a distance of around 10-15cm. Even though a microphone is usually in front of the vocalists mouth, some prefer a slightly off-axis placement which helps to stop unnecessary sounds from the singers breath or picking up on particular consonant sounds such as “p”, “b”, “d” and “t”, known as popping. With the use of a pop filter or placing the mic much further off axis this issue can be eliminated. Most professional vocals are recorded with the help of condenser microphones and isolation booths which are usually referred to as Vocal Booths. So what are the best techniques to keep in mind when choosing your positioning for the microphone? Use a microphone with a frequency that is suited to job. Flat frequencies which are usually around 20 Hz - 20 kHz have the same output level, making it more suitable for recordings where the sound needs to be recorded without changing the original sound. You’ll get a very accurate sound. A tip some will give is to filter out frequencies above/or below the highest and lowest frequencies of the sound, this can be done in various recording software such as Pro Tools, Final Cut, Cubase or Logic Pro X. When live recording, play around with the microphone and your distances until you find a comfortable place to record from. Finding the right spot where you can hear from the studio monitors and get the tonal balance you require is handy. This part of the process is all about experimenting with the microphone and can help to change the overall sound or effect of the instrument itself. Now whilst all of this may seem a bit mind boggling, microphone technique is pure and simple a matter of personal taste. There is no exact right and wrong, however there are better ways to go about your recording with microphone placement. Experimenting with various microphones and placement is key and by understanding different microphones you can achieve a better recording or create the new sounds you’re looking for. There are a range of microphones for ‘Do-It-Yourself’ recording then check out the Studio Series range by Editors Keys at If you have any tips and tricks email me at or tweet @editorskeys KITPLUS - THE TV-BAY MAGAZINE: ISSUE 107 NOVEMBER 2015 | 47