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STREAMING THE CHALLENGES OF STREAMING. Joseph Adamson The purpose of this article to highlight the challenges facing small and medium streaming services. It is intended to look at how to achieve successful live and pre recorded content by means of streaming. In this article I would like to share the knowledge and the experience I have gained so far. I will also talk about the kit I use, how it is used and the methods I have developed. Another aspect of this article is LOGISTICS which is a very big part of streaming. Internet TV is becoming a reality and it is now easier and cheaper to broadcast also know as Streaming. It is a good idea to start by asking some questions. There seems to be a confusion between broadcasting and streaming especially for those who are new to the broadcasting industry. SO WHAT IS STREAMING? The simple answer is that streaming is similar to broadcasting and the same principals of traditional broadcasting apply to streaming. There are similarities between the two. A good example is cable TV which delivers programmes via radio frequency [RF] signals transmitted through coaxial cables or light pulses through ﬁbre-optic cables. Although streaming is a recent development, its roots point towards cable TV. This brings us to IPTV or INTERNET PROTOCOL TELEVISION. I won’t go into details because this topic has been covered before in KitPlus magazine but I can list three types of IPTV Video on demand [VOD],Time-shifted IPTV and Live IPTV or IP simulcasting. Given the brief explanation it is easy to see the similarities. The main difference is, streaming data via Ethernet cable connected to a telephone line adds ﬂexibility and cost. I would like to introduce the kit that I use for live streaming before saying anything else. Back in November 2014 in ISSUE 095, I talked about the kit use in my studio which I call Research Box. I have not bought any new gear since then but I have been developing and researching the idea of shrinking the gear. I like the idea of miniaturization, because of space. The kit listed below can be conﬁgured in many ways depending on the task, 54 | KITPLUS - THE TV-BAY MAGAZINE: ISSUE 114 JUNE 2016 space and requirements from the client and it can be used with a single camera or multi camera shoot. Teradek VidiU [Earlier version] for streaming Blackmagic ATEM Television studio Blackmagic ATEM M/E Production Studio 4K Blackmagic Shuttle [with Extreme SanDisk SSD] Behringer ULTRAMATCH PRO Apple Mac Pro with Blackmagic DeckLink SDI 4Kz Apple Macbook Pro with ATEM Switcher software Storage: G Tech and Seagate portable hard drive. SUMSANG 19 inch monitor Apple 23 inch monitor DataVideo 7 inch monitor [TLM-700HD] Yamaha digital audio mixer [pro 01] Head phone set LOGISTICS Successful streaming does not rely only on the tools that are used. It is important to understand the procedures involved in streaming which can be categorized as logistics. There are plenty of tools for streaming on the market, and new products are introduced on a regular basis, which are marketed as the best tools for streaming. Many of them support their claims. When I was at university my tutor always emphasized the importance of doing some ground work [a recce as it is known in the ﬁlm and video production]. Recce is part of research used to navigate the location, also to: Talk to the client Find out the internet connection Find out where power points are located at venue Find out what restrictions there are